Mahatma Gandhi’s real name is Mohandas Karmachand Gandhi, one of the leading Indian politicians, one of the pioneers of the Indian independence movement and an influential spiritual leader. Through this, the people express their views against the absolutism.

Gandhi was known in India and around the world as Mahatma (Great Soul) and Bapu (Father). The Government of India honoured him as the Father of the Indian Nation. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with due dignity in India as his birthday on 2nd October. October 15 is declared the International Day of Non-Violence by the UN General Assembly.

As an educated British lawyer, Gandhi was the first to apply the ideology of his non-violent peaceful civil movement to the rights movement of the oppressed Indian community in South Africa. Upon his return to India, he, along with a few poor peasants and day laborers, formed a movement against discriminatory taxation and widespread discrimination.

After coming under the leadership of the Indian National Congress, Gandhi started campaigning all over India on various issues including poverty alleviation, women’s emancipation, establishment of brotherhood among different ethnic groups, elimination of estate demarcation, and profitable substance of the nation.

Mahatma Gandhi has remained loyal innon-violent doctrine and verity in all circumstances. Gandhiji lived a very simple life and established an autonomous monastery. Her own garments were traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, which she wove herself on a spinning wheel. He ate ordinary vegetarian food. He used to gormandize for a long time for tone- sanctification and kick.

Early life

Mohandas Karmachand Gandhi was born on 2 October 189 in the Hindu Modh family of Porbandar. Gandhiji’s father Karamchand Gandhi was the Dewan of Porbandar. Putliba Pranami belonged to the Vaishnava group.

Each of Karamchand’s first two women gave birth to a son. They died for unknown reasons. As a child, his favourite pastime was playing with a dog-eared religious mother, and from a Jain-influenced environment in Gujarat, Gandhi began learning non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, interfaith tolerance and community tolerance. He was born in a merchant tribe of Hindu Vaishyas.

In 183, at the age of 13, Mahatma Gandhi married Kasturba Makhanji at the behest of his parents. Gandhiji had four sons named Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi and Devdas. As a child, Mahatma Gandhi was a mediocre student in Porbandar and Rajkot. Somehow he passed the matriculation examination from Samaldas College, Bhavanagar, Gujarat. He wasn’t happy in council either, because his family wanted him to come a counsel.

At the age of 18 he went to University College London on 4 September 18 to study barrister. His life in the royal capital, London, was influenced by the vows he made to his mother to stay in India. In front of the Jain monk Becharji, he swore to his mama that he’d follow the Hindu moral advice to hesitate from meat, alcohol and immorality. Joined the “Vegetarian Association” and was tagged a member of the administrative commission, also introduced an original branch of the association. South African People’s Rights Movement (1893-1914)

In 1895, Gandhiji went to South Africa as a lawyer for his grandfather Abdullah & Sons. South Africa dramatically changed Gandhi’s life. Then he was the victim of the common demarcation against Indians and blacks.

Indians didn’t have the right to bounce in South Africa. He stayed in the country for a while to raise a bill to assert this right. Although the purpose of the bill wasn’t fulfilled, this movement made the Indians of that country apprehensive of their rights. In 1894, Gandhi innovated the Natal Indian Congress.

After returning from a brief visit to India in January 1898, a group of white mobs tried to assassinate him. Gandhi did not make any complaint against these mob members. Because, according to him, he doesn’t support vengeance against the whole party for someone’s particular mistake.

In 1906, the Transvaal government passed a law forcing the Indians in the colony to register. In a mass kick in Johannesburg on September 11, Gandhi called on everyone to reject the law. During this time numerous Indians were locked for colourful reasons including breaking the law, burning their enrolment cards.

Many were injured or killed. The government is very successful in its work. But such repressive measures against peace-loving Indians sparked protests from ordinary people in South Africa. Inescapably, South African General Ian Christian Smoot was forced to compromise with Gandhi.

Gandhi returned to India on 9 January 1915. That is why this day is celebrated as Expatriate Indian Day. Gandhi was introduced to Indian politics and the Indian people through Gopalakrishna Gokhale, a respected Congress leader at the time.

Champaran and Kheda

Gandhi’s first achievement came through the Champaran demurrers of 1917 and the Kheda Satyagraha. The villages were kept extremely dirty and unhealthy and alcoholism and untouchability were rampant. In the midst of a severe shortage, the British introduced an exploitative duty and tried to increase it. The situation became extremely unstable.

Gandhi established an vihara there and gathered his long- time sympathizers and original levies. After gaining the trust of the townies, he gutted up the vill as well as established seminaries and hospitals and called on the villa leaders to be free from social oppression and prejudice.

But his main influence was observed when he was arrested on charges of causing insecurity and ordered to leave the fiefdom. Sardar Patel represented the peasants during the accommodations with the British in Kheda. He stopped collecting rent and released all the captures. As a result, Gandhi’s character spread each over the country.


In December 1921, Mahatma Gandhi came the superintendent of the Indian National Congress. Under his leadership, the Congress espoused a new constitution with the thing of Swaraj in mind. Different classes of committees were formed to improve discipline. The party was transformed from an elite institution to a national attraction. Gandhi’s Swadeshi policy spread his non-violent policy. According to the domestic policy, all foreign products, especially British products, will be barred. Along the way, he prompted all Indians to wear khadi rather of British apparel.

“Non-cooperation” gained widespread popularity and success. People from all walks of life take part in this tense movement. As soon as the movement reached its climax, an unexpected clash broke out at Chauri Chaura in Uttar Pradesh.

Seeing the movement taking a turn towards violence and fearing the failure of all its activities, Gandhi declared the end of the mass non-cooperation movement. Gandhi was arrested and on March 10, 1922, he was sentenced to six years in prison for treason.

The sentence, which began on March 26, 1922, carries a sentence of only two years. He was

Swaraj and Salt Satyagraha

The first Indian flag was unveiled at Lahore on 31 December 1929. The Indian National Congress met in Lahore on 26 January 1930. That is why to mark this day as Indian Independence Day.

In March 1941, the government agreed to release all political captures in exchange for stopping all massnon-cooperation movements. Gandhi was also invited to London for a round table meeting. Lord Willingdon, Lord Irwin’s successor, blazoned a new program against the Chauvinists.

When the Congress party agreed to contest the elections by accepting the power of the federation scheme, Gandhi decided to withdraw his membership from the party. Although Gandhi did not oppose the decision, he tried to avoid rumour’s that he would be the leader of a party that had reached a political agreement with the government.


Gandhi was shot dead on 30 January 1948. At that time, he was holding a night road rally in the middle of Birla Bhavan (Birla House) in New Delhi. His killer, Nathuram Godse, was a Hindu fundamentalist with whom the revolutionist” Hindu Mahasabha” had connections. The Hindu Mahasabha blames Gandhi for weakening India by offering financial aid to Pakistanis. Godse and his accomplice Narayan Apte were later brought under the law and convicted. They were hanged on November 14, 1949. In the Rajghat Memorial in New Delhi, the words “O Ram” are believed to be Gandhi’s last words, although the veracity of this statement is in mistrustfulness.  According to Gandhi’s wishes, his ashes were ditched in several major gutters of the world like Nile, Volga, Thames etc.


Gandhi devoted his life to the great cause of verity- seeking. He achieved this by learning from his miscalculations, and by examining himself. He named his autobiography The Story of My Trials with Truth. Gandhi said his most important battle was to overcome his own darkness, fear and instability. Gandhi first added up his belief that God is verity. This really means Gandhi’s vision of God.


Gandhi said of non-violence in his autobiography: “When I despair, I remember that truth and love have triumphed throughout history. The tyrant-killers may never seem to be invincible, but always remember their downfall.


At the age of sixteen, Gandhi’s father came veritably ill. Gandhi stayed with him throughout his father’s illness. Shortly afterwards, an employee arrived and reported his father’s death.

He called the incident a double shame. This incident forced Gandhi to come a celibate while married at the age of 36. The philosophy of celibacy behind this decision greatly persuaded him to practice ideological and real holiness.

Gandhi saw celibacy as a means of attaining nearness to God and self-realization. In his autobiography, Gandhi talks about his lust and violence against his childhood wife Kasturba. Gandhi continued to strive to be the ideal through self-control so that he learns to love instead of enjoying.


Gandhi was born into a Hindu family and rehearsed Hinduism throughout his life. He espoused utmost of his ideals from Hinduism.  He treated all religions equally and resisted any attempt to divert him from this idea. He was interested in Brahmanism and studied all the major persuasions. He made the following statement about Hinduism:

Despite the collective respect between Rabindranath Tagore and Gandhi, they got involved in debates among themselves further than formerly. These controversies testify to the philosophical differences between the two most popular Indians of the time.


Gandhi strongly believed that a person engaged in social work must lead a normal life which would lead him to celibacy. He described it as” going down to zero“, which included reducing gratuitous charges, living a simple life, and washing one’s own clothes. He once returned gifts to Natalis.


Dignity India is talking to the representatives of the emperor. Actor Charlie Chaplin, who went to see Gandhi at the time because of Gandhi’s lack of clothes, said that Gandhi could have come to the country in the winter without wearing such clothes.


Gandhi was a versatile writer and editor. For decades, Gandhi edited Harijan, a magazine published in Gujarati, Hindi and English. His only English-language editions include Indian Opinion during his stay in South Africa and Young India after his return home. He also edited the Gujarati language yearly Navajivan, which was latterly published in Hindi.

Several of Gandhi’s books have been published. These include his autobiography, The Story of My Experiments with Truth, Satyagraha in South Africa about the South African struggle, Manifesto on Swadhikar “Hind Swaraj” or “Indian Home Rule”.) And Gujarati in John Raskin’s unto This Last.

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