Writing about the biography of the Prophet Muhammad (s). We are thankful to the great Rabbul Alamin for bringing the biography of the Prophet to you. Over a period of one and a half thousand years, countless writers, social leaders, academics, warriors, researchers, statesmen, and even his opponents have praised him immensely, regardless of country, caste, or religion.
Hazrat Muhammad (s) was born
Hazrat Muhammad (s) was born on 19th October 560 AD or 12th Rabiul Awal or 12th of the Arabic month of Rabiul Awal in the city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia in the Banu Hashim tribe of the Quraish dynasty. Father Hazrat Abdullah and mother Amina. The great men had long ago speculated that Hazrat Muhammad (S) had come to earth as a messenger sent by Allah. He is the last prophet. Long ago, Hazrat Adam, Hazrat Noah, Hazrat Musa, Hazrat Ibrahim and other great scholars had predicted the advent of Hazrat Muhammad. Hazrat Muhammad came to earth to save the fallen people.
Childhood and adolescence
Abdullah bin Abdul Muttalib, the father of Hazrat Muhammad (s). About six months before his birth, his father Abdullah bin Abdul Muttalib passed away. It was the custom in Arabia at that time to give the Bedouin women, who were engaged in breastfeeding immediately after birth, to give their children a healthy body and shape by growing them in the open air of the desert, and to take them back after a certain period of time.
According to this custom, Hazrat Muhammad (s) was also handed over to Halima bint Abu Zuayb (another name Halima Sadia). After bringing the baby home, Halima’s well-being is restored and they are able to raise the baby properly. One notable incident at the time was that the baby Muhammad drank only one of Halima’s breasts and left the other for his other half-brother.
After two years of upbringing, Halima returned the baby Muhammad to Amina. But soon after, an epidemic broke out in Makkah and the baby Muhammad was returned to Halima. Halima also wanted to get the baby back. This fulfilled his hopes.
Prophet Muhammad (S) was an orphan in his childhood. When Hazrat Muhammad (S) was six years old, he went to Medina with his mother Amina, probably to see the grave of her late husband. On her way back to Mecca, Amina died in a secluded place called Abwa, about halfway to Mecca, and was buried there. The Prophet Muhammad (s) was now adopted by his grandfather Abd al-Muttaleb, who himself died when Muhammad was eight years old, leaving him in the care of his uncle Abu Talib.
In the Islamic tradition, the orphaning of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) at an early age was seen as part of a divine plan to enable him to “develop the qualities of self-reliance, reflection and perseverance early”.
Muslim scholar Muhammad Ali sees the story of the Prophet Muhammad (s) as a spiritual parallel to the life of Moses, considering sharing many aspects of their lives.
Considering this concept of spiritual parallelism with other aspects of the early life of the Prophet Muhammad (s), it has been suggested that it was God under whose direct supervision Muhammad was raised and prepared for the task that would be entrusted to him.
Throughout the Qur’an, Muhammad is referred to as the “Messenger”, “Messenger of God” and “Prophet”.
Hazrat Muhammad was a thinker from his childhood. He could concentrate his mind even in loud words. Any rush was out of his habit or disposition. His mind was full of sympathy. The sorrows of others made him restless. Hazrat Muhammad transformed the degenerate nation into a well-integrated nation.
When the Prophet was only 12 years old, Abu Talib took him to Syria. His visit to Syria is very significant. Because he got acquainted with many local and foreign people in Syria, and his ideas about different religions grew. In the first life I had to work hard for a living. He had to spend all day in the highlands of the grasslands to graze his cattle. He used to be anxious in his work. He was also a nature lover.
The Quraysh honored him with the title of Al-Amin, meaning the Faithful. The elders respected him with affection. The organizational strength of Hazrat Muhammad from his childhood was amazing. He could bring together different people of different ages, to do any honest work. Everybody who came to him had a weird feeling.
When Hazrat Muhammad was 18 years old. Then he formed an organization called Hilful Fazul. The purpose of this organization was social reform. The work that the members of Hilful Fazul did was –
1. He used to stand by the side of the helpless and oppressed in the society.
2. Resistance was built wherever there was injustice. Don’t be afraid of wrongdoers, that’s what they meant to all people.
3. They would extend a helping hand to the oppressed.
4. Violence or feuds between different tribes should be brought to an end, and people should be brought to the path of peace. That peace will bring real progress and prosperity. They used to play it all.
5. To ensure that widows were not abused in the family and society.
6. The country must be saved from anarchy.
At the age of 40, Hazrat Muhammad was engaged in the business of a rich widow in Makkah. The woman’s name was Khadija. His business was far-reaching. And his caravan could go far and wide.
Khadija was impressed by Hazrat Muhammad’s efficiency and honesty and proposed marriage to Muhammad. If Hazrat agrees to that proposal, the marriage between them is consummated. Khadija was 15 years older than Hazrat. The good deeds of Hazrat Muhammad and the thoughts of the Ummaht. Whenever he had time, he would go to Mount Hera in northern Makkah. He used to worship her in a secluded cave. After the marriage, Hazrat was no longer financially deprived, so he made that environmental situation more suitable for worshiping God. One day while Hazrat was meditating in that cave, he got a divine order.
In this divine order, idol worship is the name of sin. Their main responsibility is to stop idolatry and to re-establish the monotheism introduced by Abraham. “La ilaha illallah Muhammadur Rasulullah” means the Almighty God is one and unique. God bless those who rely on Hazrat Muhammad. He was 40 years old when he received this command from Gabriel, the messenger of Allah, and since then he has been engaged in preaching Islam. He faced serious obstacles in propagating Islam. Life has been endangered many times. By the infinite mercy of Allah, he has been able to save himself from all those dangers. Hazrat Mohammad was first converted to Islam by his wife Khadija.
Gradually the Arabs started accepting Islam in groups. Then an attempt was made to assassinate Hazrat Mohammad (s). He left Mecca for Medina to save his life. The people of Medina welcomed him. The Muslims won the war. In the month of Ramadan of the Hijri year, Hazrat attacked Mecca with 10 thousand soldiers and captured it. Then the people of Makkah were converted to Islam. Then the supremacy of Islam was established.
He had no sons, but he had three daughters.
Hazrat Muhammad (S) passed away at Rabiul Awwal in 632 AD and ascended to heaven.